A group of flightless birds, penguins are of many types and are found in the Southern Hemisphere. This article lists some quick facts about some popular penguin species.
We Are Playful Too!
Penguins love to slide on their tummies while moving over ice or snow. This act is called tobogganing. According to researchers, penguins do this for fun, which is also an efficient way of traveling faster than by running.
Penguins are flightless birds, however, are excellent swimmers. These aquatic animals are mostly native to the Southern Hemisphere. As per common knowledge, it is believed that they are generally found only in cold climates, although there are certain types that live in temperate areas as well.
Seventeen species of penguins can be found in the world. However, there is a great debate about the various species as some are considered as a separate species altogether. Given below is a list of some of the types of penguins found in the world.
Location: Chinstrap penguins are found in South Georgia, South Shetland, South Orkneys, Bouvet Island, South Sandwich Islands, Deception Island, and Balleny.
Physical Features: These penguins get their name due to a thin black band of fur that runs under their neck from one side of the face to another. They are also called ringed or bearded penguins. Adult penguins can be as tall as 25 to 27 inches and weigh up to 13 pounds (6 kg). Their eyes are red-brown, the head and back are black, and the face, neck, and chest are white in color. Their numbers in the wild are sufficient, and they do not face any danger of extinction at present.
Diet: Their diet consists of fish, krill, squid, as well as shrimp.
IUCN Status: Least Concern
Location: They are native to Antarctica, living on ice and in the cold surrounding waters. They are known for the long journeys that they undertake in their endeavor to mate every year.
Fiordland Crested Penguins
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
Location: They are found in South America, in the coastal areas of Chile and Peru.
*They are protected under the US Endangered Species Act.
- Southern Rockhopper Penguin: Vulnerable
- Northern Rockhopper Penguin: Endangered
Penguins are very fascinating creatures. They are quite intelligent animals, and their way of living, which is unique to every species, is a wonder to study about.