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Where Do Penguins Live? Detailed Information About Their Habitat

Where Do Penguins Live
Penguins are found in many places on the earth. This article provides detailed information about their habitat.
Dr. Sumaiya Khan
Last Updated: Feb 24, 2018
Penguins are aquatic, flightless birds that are counter-shaded black and white. There are different types of penguins. Currently, around seventeen different species exist, of which the Emperor penguin is the largest one. There are many myths and much ignorance surrounding these flightless birds. Many people are not even sure where they live. Given below are details regarding penguins' habitat and how they are suited to stay in that particular environment.
Where Do Penguins Live and How?
One of the biggest myths of all time is that penguins need to live on ice. They need to live near water bodies because they spend most of their time in the water. This is because they are flightless birds, but they more than make up for their lack of flight by their swimming skills. In fact, they can swim up to a hundred kilometers without resting. Thus, penguins prefer to live on islands and remote continental regions that are free from land predators so that their inability to fly does not work against them.
Although all penguins are originally native to the southern hemisphere, they are not found in only cold climates. Only a few actually live far south in Antarctica. At least ten species live in the temperate zone, of which the Galápagos penguin lives as far north as the Galápagos Islands. However, this is only possible due to the cold, rich water that comes from the Antarctic Humboldt current. Major populations are found in places such as Antarctica, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and South America. There are no penguins in the Northern hemisphere.
The main species that lives in Antarctica is the Emperor penguin. It is well-suited to deal with extreme cold due to many features. It has a thick layer of insulating feathers which helps it to stay warm even when it swims in icy cold water. This is especially helpful because there tends to be more heat loss in water as compared to air. The Emperor penguin also has the largest body mass compared to all the other species, which thus, further reduces the surface area for heat loss. It also regulates the blood flow to its extremities, thus reducing the possibility of freezing its blood. Furthermore, male Emperor penguins huddle together to keep warm and also rotate positions to make sure that each one gets a turn at being on the cold side.
On the contrary, rather than getting cold, it is a problem to stay cold once out of water that bothers penguins. For this reason, they often hold their flippers out so as to radiate heat. They also make their feathers stand up to flush out some of the warm air that may be trapped within. Certain types of penguins even have bare patches present on the face which helps to radiate heat.
Can Penguins Survive in a Warm Climate?
Penguins can live in warm climates, provided the water body present in that region is cold. However, certain species that are suited to cold climates cannot survive in warm climates. However, if a cold climate penguin is born in a warm climate, it might be possible but due to the acclimatization problems, it wouldn't survive for long.
Penguins do not need to stay only in snowy and icy regions. In fact, they do not stay in the Northern Hemisphere probably because Polar bears do. They are endangered animals and there are quite a few species that are already extinct. So it is best to try and learn as much as possible about their habitat to ensure that it is not threatened.
Penguins on the beach
King penguins in the snow in South Georgia
Penguin Group With Leader
Penguin Photos
Penguin Family
King Penguins Marching
Humboldt Penguin Swimming Underwater
King Penguin
Kings Of The Beach
Three King Penguins
Gentoo Penguin Jumping Out Of Water
Two Penguins
Emperor Penguin Chicks
Emperor Penguin Chicks
Penguin Swimming
Penguin Falkland Islands
Gentoo Penguin Chicks
Penguin On Beach
Humboldt Penguin
Two King Penguins Chatting On The Beach
Two Penguins Against A Mountain Backdrop
Humboldt Penguin Under Water
Penguin Territory War
Four King Penguins On A Beach
Three Penguins Waddling Down Rocky Embankment
Magellanic Penguins On The Sea Shore
Lovely Couple
Leadership Among Penguins
King Penguin
Penguin Landing On Iceberg
Gentoo Penguin Swimming Underwater
Walkin Around
Gentoo Penguins
Penguin Swim
Penguin Love
Penguin Family
Young Penguin
Penguin Swimming
Chinstrap Penguin Walking
The Penguin Is Having Fun Sliding In Snow
Gentoo Penguin On Its Nest
Gentoo Penguin Fighting
Penguins And People
Sleeping Gentoo Penguin
Two Penguins In Antarctica
Penguin Photography
Magellanic Penguin
Gentoo Penguin
Penguin Of Magellan
Gentoo Penguin Jump In Water
The Magellanic Penguin
King Penguin Grooming
Two Penguins Walking On The Ice
Humboldt Penguins
Young Penguin
Penguin With Attitude
Gentoo Penguin Chick Recently Hatched
African Pinguins At Boulders South Africa
African Penguins
Four Penguins Walking
Penguin In Water Border
African Penguin
Gentoo Penguin Colony
Penguin Lying On Ground
Penguin Standing On Field
Penguin Creche
King Penguin Park On Tierra Del Fuego
King Penguin Park On Tierra Del Fuego
Penguin Paradise
King Penguin Panorama
Dancing Chinstrap Penguin
Gentoo Penguin Running On Rocky Beach
Magellanic Penguin
Standing Humboldt Penguin
Penguin On The Snow In Antarctica
Royal Penguin On Beach
King Penguin Chicks
Isolated Gentoo Penguin Chick
Gentoo Penguin On A Sandy Beach
Gentoo Penguin On A Sandy Beach
Penguins Family
Magellanic Penguin Chicks
African Penguin In Cape Town